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Managerial ECONOMICS For social enterprise

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Managerial ECONOMICS For social enterprise — TERM PAPER
– Word Length: 1,500 words (excluding references and appendices)
– This grade is worth 90% of my term grade for Econ unfortunately, so it really has to be great. 🙁

FYI This is not as straightforward as one might think… I am currently getting my masters in ‘social entrepreneurship and innovation’, so all of the economic

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Life of Refugee Students in the Refugee Camps

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Life of Refugee Students in the Refugee Camps

The pain of war, the havoc it wreaks and the very detrimental results of war in war torn countries is inevitable globally. From time to time, quite a number of nations have seen ethnic, tribal and civil wars that have claimed the lives of millions, and left many people, especially women and children, with a miserable life and only bleak future. If you

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individual difference project

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Individual Difference Research Project
Student’s Name
Institutional Affiliation

Abstract
There has been advanced research in the development of parameters in psychology that measure various personality traits such as conscientiousness, extraversion, openness to experience, neuroticism and aggressiveness (Eggen, 1999). However, there have been little research in evaluating and testing more

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Solved: Ethical Culture, GM Case Study – General Motors Case study

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Ethical Culture, GM Case Study Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation =&0=& =&1=& About 800, 000 of general motor’s cars had engine shut down due to failure of the ignition switches. It often occurred when the vehicles were in motion hence most accidents were caused resulting into several deaths. For years, general motors never discovered that the problem was with their ignition switches. A lot of funds were compensated for the deaths caused. Despite GM discovering the cause for the accidents caused were due to faulty ignition switches, the information was disclosed for about fifteen years. Research reveals that the cause for the information disclosure was dur to ethical lapse in the corporate company. It took more than a decade for the government to discover that more than 2.6 million cars got damaged and caused accident due to faulty ignition switches. There was liaise with the federal prosecutors to announce a fine of 900 million US dollars to end the criminal investigations. Besides, they were to adhere to some terms and conditions for the coming three years. There are main events that occurred during the recall =&2=&  In February 2002, Engineer Ray DeGiorgio who specialized in ignition switches designed an ignition switch. According to the quality assurance team the standards of the gadget did not meet GM’s specifications. However, the switch was later used in Saturn Ion and later in Chevrolet Cobalt despite it being identified that it was below the standards. The switch was then used in Saturn Sky, Chevrolet HHR, PontiacG5 and Solstice. In 20005 a Chevrolet Cobalt owner, Amber Rose, got involved in an accident and died. Investigations showed that the frontal crash resulted from faulty switches which changed positions from the run to accessory hence resulting into cut off power to the airbags, steering and brakes. It led to a fatal accident. To resolve the situation, Engineer Ray signed a redesign of the ignition switch but in his redesign the part number is not changed. It led to uncertainties as to whether the changes were made or not. The alleged redesigned switch was used in cars from 2007. In 2013 the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) declined to open investigations as to why Cobalt and Ion did not have proper air bags regarding several accidents that occurred during that period. NHTSA claimed that GM concealed important information hence preventing them from going further with the investigations. A new CEO, Mary Barra, discovered in 2013 that there was an issue with the ignition switches in GM. Around February 2013, GM recalled 1.6 million cars to repair spoiled ignition switches, the number later grew to 2.6 million cars. General Motors received a fine of $35 million by US government for failing to reveal the cause of the problem early enough. GM paid then fine and admitted to give a report on the government’s demands and its safety operations in good time. In June 2014, Barra released a report which were investigations conducted by prosecutor Anton. Barra stated that regarding the investigations, 15 employees were retrenched and five have undergone penalties due to their actions. The CEO agreed to compensate fund to victims who reported companies as from the first day of August. It was discovered that defective switches resulted into 275 injuries and 124 deaths and each victim’s family will be compensated at least 1 million dollars. The company had 625 million dollars for the compensation process. 

 You may need this: The American Civil War1861-1865

=&3=& General Motor’s issue on defective ignition switches not only costed the company a lot of money but also tarnished its name to the public. Since the issues were related to ethics and culture, the company decided to review and publish its ethical codes. All employees were required to read, sign and follow the ethical codes of conduct failure to which punishments will be applied. By GM resorting to admit they had faulty switches, they chose on the engineering code of ethics other than profitability. Regarding GM’s failure in culture and leadership, the code of ethics had to cover the entire stakeholders involed in the company’s operations from the junior most to senior most positions. Their code of ethics addressed issues on integrity and the company’s terms and values. Among the code’s listed was the significance of speaking up in case there are corruption or misconduct issues. The company majors on safety, identification and resolving the problems encountered. Among the issues listed are accountability, conflict resolution, management of resources and reporting of misbehavior such as theft, violence and fraud. The speak up policy was meant to encourage the employees to report any misconduct they observe without fear of being harmed or retrenched. The company also resorted to improving vehicle safety. The employees had to understand the codes of ethics including the repercussions of committing crimes. They resorted that their first priority as a company will be safety. =&4=& Studies show that ethics is controlled by culture. A large number of employees at GM decided to remain silent about the ignition switches which resulted to several deaths, this clearly shows that a company can have well laid out codes of ethics but no satisfiable integrity. It is not only enough to pass good laws regarding some policies in the company, but also important for employees to use their common sense and have a sense of humanity in them. Employees need to have good morals and the desire to do the right thing and be accountable. The leaders should be ready for any crisis and also be able to lead under the company under turbulence for the sake of positive transformation of the employees.  Read Also: The complexity of maturation on the example of Katherine Anne Porter’s The Grave  Corruption is secretive, culture change is gradual. Problem acceptance is an important way of solving ethical issues in an organization. Deploying other stakeholders to investigate the company’s problems also helps identify the issues. Valukas’ report regarding the switch issues in GM shows a problem of silence and concealment. After it was discovered that the switches designed by engineer ray has a lower torque spec. the engineer was under pressure to deliver a less costly ignition switch and culture encouraged this behavior. In conducting investigations, witnesses from top most executive positions also need to be spotted.             General Motors learned a lot of lessons from the ordeal, they realized that a lot of effort and resources should be geared towards ensuring that the environment is ethically heathy and that employees have the right morals. Leaders living on assumptions that their employees will always do the right thing can result into discovery of misconducts later after a damage is made. Organizational leaders need to know their organizational culture, this can only be identified through proper communication. When communication is functional from the junior employees and up through the senior, discovering a problem would be easier. There could be information that a lot of employees are aware of but the CEO has no idea about them. Such matters can only be addressed through constant communication through meetings and emails. Employees also need to communicate any misconduct happening in the organization. A culture of integrity and honesty need to be nurtured in organizations. The only way this can be done is when the leaders do thorough inspection in the company and interact with employees at personal level. By creating a conducive environment and being approachable, knowing what is happening in the business will be made easier. After a mistake is identified, leaders should learn and adapt to the current situations of the organization. They ought to quickly notice possibilities and solutions to the crisis. They need to only expect trustworthiness if it is more inclined to viewing the positive side of the crisis. =&5=& It took about fifteen years for managers to release bad news about the faulty ignition switches in general motors. For the news to be out, the managers had to go back to history and understand how it all began. Emphasis of employees doing the right thing and being honest helps eliminate the chances of nurturing bad culture into the business environment. Organizations should concentrate more on their consumers safety other than profitability. They need not to wait until several cases are reported on the consequences of their actions for them to release their reports. Managers should be well prepared for tragedy and crisis and be able to survive through such atmosphere.

Solved: Technology Enhances the Chances of Success in a Business

References Wanasika, I., & Conner, S. L. (2018). General Motors: The ignition switch from hell. 

Journal

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Solved: Magic Timber Case Study

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Magic Timber Case Study Student Name Institutional Affiliation Course Due Date


An Analysis of investment plan at Magical Timber and Steel.

Introduction

An organization must be reliable and of good performance. The performance of wood companies require labor, resources and the market to sell off their products. With the constant rise in technology, companies have adopted new ways of processing. This has been achieved through the introduction of new machinery. A company with better technology will obviously produce quality goods. The cost of using outdated machinery in the company has risen since the outdated machines have proved to be slow, constantly breakdown making them very unreliable. Magical company is an example of such a company that is in the verge of adopting new machinery to their processing line with an aim of increasing production with a reduced cost (Gauri,2004).

Background information

Overall investment Strategies. Acquisition of new items in a company is part of the company’s investment. Typically, this involves making a decision to part with a large sum of money that can possibly cripple other company functions. However, it is worth noting that the volume of production shall have increased. This will be coupled with profit making and stability of a company in a competitive environment. The decisions of an executive member of a company do mean that either the company is steering to the right direction or to the wrong direction (Dimitras, Zanakis&Zopounidis, 1996). Companies are never willing to be closed down due constant running in losses. At this critical moment, the decisions that a company make will mean its closure or its profit-making culture.  Magical Timber, an Australian based company has a mission of reviving back to its feet of profit making in an environment that has became much competitive. This mission is to be accomplished through a series of decisions to upgrade the machinery in use. Magical which is currently owned by Davidson, has an intention of purchasing another finisher that will be faster and saving in running cost. Magical Company has had a good record of profit making over a couple of years. The purchase of a larger finisher ensured that the production capacity increased. An organization with calculated moves has better performance. The action of purchasing a larger industrial block enabled Magical to expand its services with a set up timber yard. Timber based industries require fast delivery of goods to the processing site and to the customers place of disposal. Magical purchased a Scania truck with an aim of solving the transport problem. Scania trucks are known for their capacity and strong engine making it a preferred solution to transportation of products for most companies (Kussuga, Lunning, Tiisekwa&Jacxsens,2017).

Read: The complexity of maturation on the example of Katherine Anne Porter’s The Grave 

Investments in a range of machinery was crucial for the success of Magical in the early years of its conception.  Coupled with a few employees they had. A starting company require few employees. This is beneficial as the salaries for many workers is used to expand the company. Multi-national companies started operating with three or four employees. This was a method adopted by Magical that saw their constant success over the years. Little or rather lack of competition will make the existing company to thrive. However, this is always short termed as more industries do venture into business with the same products (De Massis&Kotlar,2014). Timber is a requirement for building. The strategic position of Magical along the coastal lands and the population growth during the early years paved way for its triumph. A company success depends on the availability of manufacturing products and the market to dispose of their products. Market is key to success of a company. To maintain and remain in the competitive timber distribution industry, Magical timber and steel company needs to upgrade their machinery and to clear off their debts.

Read This Too: American History

Evaluation of the Case

Infrastructural development is important for growth of industries. Poor infrastructure has hampered industrial developments a great deal. Magical Industry has suffered a blow with poor infrastructures along their area of operation. This can be improved by building more offices, roads among other infrastructures that will ensure smooth operations in the company environs. Nevertheless, it is of great deal when a Scania truck is being used in a poorly maintained road. The maintenance cost is set to increase. Access to the market is also made difficult. Industries like Magical Timber require a well infrastructure for their operations (EL-Khalil,2015). The coastal regions are always economic productive when the tourism industry is performing well. The construction of hotels and other resting resorts is an attribute of a good tourism business. The decline in the tourism sector will result in the decline of infrastructural developments that the Magical Timber solely depend on to purchase their products. The success of Magical Timber strategies depends on the availability of market to dispose of their products. Magical has launched plans that will see their products increased and the customers will be able to have a range of products to get from the industry. Debts are harmful to a company’s success. A company operating in debts will automatically be liquidated. Sole strategy of multi-national companies is to cut off constant borrowing. This is harmful since it is always paying back with a large interest. Moreover, profit making of a company is not assured. It therefore means that, a company will be at an obligation to pay off their debts weather they make profits or run losses. Magical timber has suffered a big blow of operating on debts. The accumulation of debts has risen to the level of interfering with their daily operations (Gauri,2004). The owner, Davidson is left at a critical point of clearing off debts and bringing back the companies to its feet. The production machinery is important to a timber company. Purchasing this machinery require in-depth consideration. Again, the priorities of a company should be fulfilled from the most urgent to the less urgent. A timber company will put finishing machine at a first priority as compared to their managers car or something that is of less importance to the daily operations of the company. Though Magical started off by having its owners as the employees, it was a bad idea buying a new Scania truck that took a lot of money in the expense of machinery. Magical timber has second hand machinery that require constant maintenance. This is an additional operational cost. Competition among the companies producing the same product in the same locality is a normal scenario. Competition should be embraced by industries. It should not be a source of liquidation of another company. With sound and realistic strategies, a company is set to do better in a competitive environment. Magical Timber is facing competition from Wesfarmers limited. The company has come and taken all their clients. This has made Magical to supply only those products that are urgently needed by their customers. Davidson however, has come up with an idea of restocking the industry with the products that are only required by the consumers. A rare but very serious mistake a company can make is to allow its members to operate and borrow resources with the company name. This is never a good idea since it is the company that will be paying for these borrowed materials in case the members default in payment. Magical company anticipates to get back to 2009 when the net profit was $350,000. This will require Davidson to invoke the rules governing the company operations. The members should not be allowed to borrow on behalf of the company as they did before driving the company down to a net profit of only $140,000 in 2018 as compared to the 2016 net profit worth.

Proposed Solution

To every problem, there is a possible solution. The statistics of various companies show that they all have problems and challenges affecting their operations. From the mighty Amazon company to the tiny Magical Timber industry, they all have challenges they face. Problems are man created and can be solved through man’s own intervention. In a competitive market world, an organization will be tasked with coming up with ideas to remain relevant in the market (El-Khalil, 2015). Magical Timber and Steel should adopt Davidson ideas to be able to compete favorably with Wesfarmers limited. This can be accomplished by restocking of the timber yard with all the required products that a customer can sort for.  Consequently, reducing their debts to make the company operations run effectively. Debts can be cleared by selling off some of their shares. This will be a major blow though it is crucial. I would not advice for borrowing from another source to pay the current debts (Aithal,2017 p. 40-54). The new machinery will ensure high quality and capacity production of timber is realized. The Magical Industry statistics confirm the need to purchase the new Delta A390 machine. As compared to the cost of running the old finisher, the new finisher will be cost effective. The statistics shows that, with the old finisher, Magical Timber is set to spend $4000 yearly for its maintenance and the electricity it runs from. The production capacity will have increased when using the Delta A390 as compared to the Matrix 750. Magical will be forced to work on cost effectiveness to be able to pay of their debts and rise back to its profit-making history (De Massis&Kotlar,2014). The government support is crucial in the advancement and improvement of infrastructure. However, this might not be accomplished immediately due to the procedures take to realize a fully developed region. My research confirms that, infrastructural development can be a combined task between both companies operating in the same region. Tourism industry should also be at its best to help Magical company get back to its normal operations. Davidson can sensitize investors on the need to develop more restaurant and other features that are attractive to tourists.

Recommendations

Investment is crucial any industry that anticipates success. There is time to make losses and to make profit. Making losses should not be the end of an industry’s operation rather new strategies should be brought in place to cub the challenges. Magical Industry should therefore take on the risk of purchase of the new machine. This will be essential to their production. Investment is the key move of a company that requires success (Aithal,2017).

Conclusion

An industry needs a leader with ability to make decisions that will see the company never fall. This will require certain decisions to be made. These decisions may not be accepted by all the employees in the company. It is advisable to stick to them if they are the only savior of a falling company.

References

Perry, C. (1998). Processes of a case study methodology for postgraduate research in marketing. European journal of marketing32(9/10), 785-802. https://www.emeraldinsight.com/doi/abs/10.1108/03090569810232237 De Massis, A., & Kotlar, J. (2014). The case study method in family business research: Guidelines for qualitative scholarship. Journal of Family Business Strategy5(1), 15-29. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1877858514000114 Aithal, P. S. (2017). ABCD Analysis as Research Methodology in Company Case Studies. International Journal of Management, Technology, and Social Sciences (IJMTS)2(2), 40-54. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0305054899000696 Aithal, P. S. (2017). An Effective Method of Developing Business Case Studies based on Company Analysis. International Journal of Engineering Research and Modern Education (IJERME), ISSN (Online), 2455-4200. VIEW SOLUTION

Project management career

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Project management is considered to be a comprehensive program that has an objective of improving leaders’ performance in the industry and also the organization’s performance. The program has offered a hand in raising productivity to both the corporate as well as the scientific world. Any leader requires the right persons in his or her management to

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